The year is 1976 and topic is animation

May 2nd, 2010

[This was written as a home assignment for a lecture in EKA university]

The term CGI is a misnomer – the computer doesn’t generate the images. That would be like calling traditional animation Pencil-Generated Imagery. No matter what the tool is, it requires an artist to create art.”

- John Lasseter

It is year 1976 and it has been rather promising also for new technology innovations. There was a new computer company launched this year that’s called Apple Computers Inc. They already launched their new computer named “Apple I” with a strange price of $666.66. A Japanese company called JVC launched a new videotape called VHS to rival to the Beta tape. NASA unveiled its first space shuttle, the Enterprise to start the race of first man to the moon. A lot of technological innovations meaning that more were going into developing mathematical devices, computer chips that enabled for more complex graphical calculating.

Rather long has passed since the Golden Age of American animation. What happened especially for the American animation was the formation of animation union that demanded for the pay to be increased by 25% for workers. This meant that animations were then more expensive to make. Also the Hollywood Antitrust Case of 1948 which made showing cartoons in theatres more difficult as it had no guarantee that it can be showed there or not – pressuring theatrical shorts. Traditional animation was put in a pinch and it went in decline. Animation production became more of a challenge, lots of animation studios were closing down and Hollywood directors were looking for something new and more cost effective.

Computer-animated film was first created in 1971 with the animation “Metadata”. It was done in collaboration with National Film Board and Peter Foldes. 2D generated imagery was first sawn in the movie “Westworld” where CGI was used to give the infrared point of view of Yul Brynner’s gunslinger. Next in 3D, Nestor Byrtnyk had planned a 10 minute feature “Hunger” that was finished in 1973 which took them one and half a year to complete and become in 1974 the first CGI feature nominated to Oscar. This created interest in lot of people to study the CGI animation and made computers more popular. By the July 1976, at the University of Pennsylvania, Nestor and Marceli Wein introduced their “skeleton control” techniques for key-frame animation for creating dynamic motion. This new technology was that revolutionary beginning for computer animation.

The most significant happening in 1976 was the release of “Futureworld”. This movie was first major feature film to have used 3D computer generated images for the special effects. It was used to animate digitized versions of a face and a hand. This launched new possibilities for 3D animation industry to start developing and now George Lucas sent “Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope” into production. He promised to use this new 3D graphics tricks to produce seaming less atmosphere for the film, as not just for special effects but as integral part of the entire movie. This sure looks promising after the fall of animation golden age, as this brings new opportunities and ways of development. I can’t wait for the release of the new Star Wars as it promises the best unseen effects of animation. It’s even scary to think how far this can actually reach. Probably every future movie will have those 3D GCI to help make them more of a fantasy that directors intended them to be.

References:

http://www.ehow.com/…history-computer-animation.html
http://quazen.com/…short-history-of-3d-aniamtion/
http://en.wikipedia.org/…Golden_Age_of_American_animation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_I
http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1976.html
https://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/…animation.html
http://www.zenonic.demon.co.uk/zenocgi.htm
http://www.buzzle.com/…what-is-cgi-animation.html
http://en.wikipedia..Timeline_of_CGI_in_film_and_television

Kuulus esmaspäev

April 26th, 2010

Üle pika aja jälle koolis tagasi. Hollandi reisist räägin mõni aeg hiljem.. Hetkel mõtlen selle peale ja panen ideid/mõtteid kokku.

Täna oli aga kogemusterohke päev mis rikastatud igasugu inimestega ja nendega suhtlemisest. Kõige silmapaistvam kogemus, millest mainin oli Animateek. Tavaliselt selline üritus kus ma käin kohal kuulamas ja teistega rääkima ei lähe. Seekord aga üle pikka aja pole Animateegil käinud ja esimest korda toimus see vanas Sõprus kinos. Kummaline lausa jalutada nostalgilisse kohta uksest sisse ja kassast mööda ilma piletit ostmata. Sees märkasin, et pakutakse tasuta suppi ja Olga Pärn ütleb möödudes Tere. Kuna alles hiljuti hakkasin EKA-s võtma animatsiooni loengut, siis pole varem Animateegil uusi animaatoritest tuttavaid kohanud. Igaljuhul, sai maha istutud ja oodatud showd.

Üllatusena alustas see kord Mart Sander sissejuhatusega, mis oli minule esimest korda ja andis sellega Animateegi sisule palju rohkem juurde. Tunda oli ka, et tegemist on suure animaatoriga kes oli ka hiljuti raamatu välja lasknud animatsiooni stop-motion teemal. Nimelt tegu siis Barry Purvesiga kes kohapeal müüs ka neid raamatuid. Otsustasin pärast kino siis ka ühe endale soetada.

Filmiõhtu kavas oli:
“Next, DVD, 1989, 5 min
”Etendus”, DVD, 1992, 11 min
”Rigoletto”, DVD, 1993, 30 min
”Achilleus”, DVD, 1995, 11 min
”Gilbert & Sullivan”, DVD, 1998, 16 min
“Hamilton Mattress”, DVD, 2001, 30 min

Läksin siis lahkelt küsima raamatut ja pärast väike mure, et mul raha liiga suur ja juhuslikult Mart Sander pakub raha lahti vahetada. Ta jäi küll 10 EEK võlgu, aga mis sellest. Mart oli rõõmus selle üle. Sain raamatu ja lisaks ka autogrammi. Miks ma muidu selle raamatu autogrami pildi siia panin on vähe teise mõttega. Nimelt see on minule teine raamat kus on autori enda autogramm sees. Ma ei arva, et see on hea eputamiseks, kuid raamatule enda sisule loob väärtust juurde. Nimelt kui seda raamatut loen, siis ma arvan, et tunnen end rohkem seotud selle teemaga ja tunnen end rohkem motiveerituna kui oleksin see niisama ostnud. Motiveeritud siis suuremalt ise animatsiooniga tegelema. Siit nüüd mõte hakata autogramme koguma.

Pärast sain kutse ka järgmisel päeval toimuvale workshopile. Küsisin naljaviluks just Priit Pärna käest üle mis kell ja kus. Hehe, loodan, et ta ei solvunud.

Minu loovus kui…

March 23rd, 2010

Minu loovus on kui aias kasvavad marjad.

Keset talve tuli mul isu tikrite vastu. Miks, ei tea?Nendele ei saa panna valmimise kuupäeva ega ka peale karjudes sundida neil valmima. Äärmisel juhul saad toored väiksed ja hapud marjad. Sa ju tead, millal panid seemne mulda, ja oskad selle järgi mõelda, mis ajaks vili valmis saab, kui lased taimel rahus kasvada. Ainus, mida sa teha saad, on põõsast hoida satikatest puhtana, kasta veega ja rikastada toitainetega, mis kiirendab kasvu, ja loota iga päev ilusat päikselist ilma.

Kuidas sina oma marju kasvatad?

Hello world!

March 13th, 2010

Blogi ehitamine jäi pooleni, sest teistele inimestele tuleb nende asju ennem teha …. >_<

Senikaua aga üks vanasõna metafoor:
Vanasõna: “Mida Juku ei õpi, seda Juhan ei tea”
Metafoor: “Mida meedias ei räägita, seda kodanik ei tea”

Ehk küsi endalt, kas sa tead mis toimub hetkel Alaskal? Või Darfuris? Ei? No muidugi, sest meedia ei räägi ju sellest…